Day 1 Introduction
Rangoli is a Hindu folk art, generally created on a floor on
special festive occasions. The origin of this art can be traced to the Puranas (works on Hindu mythology).
Simply put, Rangoli means a row of colors. The tradition of Rangoli originated
in Maharastra and slowly disseminated to other parts of
Rangoli, also known as Kolam in South India, Chowkpurana in Northern India, Madana in Rajasthan, Aripana in Bihar, Alpana in
'Rangoli' is a sanskrit word which means a creative expression of art through the use of color. In ancient
In a rangoli, powdered colors are sprinkled on cleaned and dusted floors to form decorations. Rangolis can be vivid, three-dimensional art complete with shadings or they can be the traditional plain, yet as beautiful as, two-dimensional designs. The colored powder is usually applied 'freehand' by letting it run from the gap formed by pinching the thumb and the forefinger.
In ancient times, rangolis were actually decorations made on the entrances and walls of houses to brighten up and add color to occasions being celebrated, like weddings, births and significant religious days. They also signified a warm welcome for visitors. In fact in
Thus, reflecting regional beliefs and aesthetics based on a common spiritual plane the art of floor painting is one which has survived all influences and retained and transmitted the spirit of Indian life.
To begin with…
Give the following instructions to the participants
· Choose a design that you want to draw. You may find designs from books and magazines or you may try to create your own design. Rangoli designs are symmetrical in nature and geometric in shape. If you want to try out a design of your own, first draw it on a piece of paper and fill in the design with coloured sketch pens to get an idea about how the rangoli will look.
· Wipe the floor (where you want to create the rangoli) with a wet cloth and wait for the area to dry.
· With a piece of chalk, first draw the outline of the rangoli design.
time to fill in the outline with rangoli powder, the most challenging part of
the whole exercise. Pick up some powder with your thumb and index finger and
fill in the design by rubbing the two fingers together and sprinkling the
powder on the floor. Take care to sprinkle the powder carefully; don't let
powders of two different colours merge with each other.
· Start from the centre and move outwards.
· You can use traditional colours like flour of rice and dal. But easily available colours like gulal, kumkum or even poster colours can be used.
create spaces within the rangoli design to place diyas. You could also use
flower petals of different colours (golden marigolds, bright red roses) to add
that extra dimension to your design.
With a little bit of imagination, a dash of aesthetic sense and dollops of patience, you can create a piece of art
· Make a stencil and use it to make harmonious patterns.
· Pastel crayons and poster colours
· Rice paste
· Colored sawdust, small thin pieces of stones (Saw dust can be coloured with the help of dyes and should be done a night before)
· Grains, pulses, cereals
· Colored rice is another choice*
*To food color rice,
Tell the participants that we will begin with simple patterns with the help of 4X4 ; 5X5 points. Tell them to fill the pattern using coloured sawdust.
Some of the simple free hand patterns are given below:
1. With the help of chalk and the rope draw a semicircle at the entrance as shown in the diagram
2. Draw a rangoli using free hand drawing around the semi circle
3. Colour the rangoli using flowers
b) Rangoli for the corners:
Draw the pattern on the corners of the room and fill them using flowers and leaves.
This type of rangoli is usually done around flowerpots, on the steps leading to stage or on the threshold of the main door of the house
– using 4 points
– Using 5 points
– Using 7 points
– Free hand
Some of the coloured patterns are shown as below.
(Note: Stencil can be used for replicating the pattern)
Rangoli for Puja Ghar
Auspicious symbols such as the swastik, kalash, aum lotus and geometrical shapes like triangle, hexagon make a beautiful rangoli in Puja Ghar. It can be made more attractive by arranging colorful flowers and leaves on it.
NOTE: Do not use black colour for making rangoli for Puja Ghar
Some of Designs are as follow:
A floral design will make a beautiful rangoli. But it can be made more attractive by arranging colorful flowers and leaves on it
Rangoli During Diwali
Creating a rangoli and then tastefully arranging small lamps on it will make it more colourful and glowing.
Some of the patterns for rangoli that are commonly used during Diwali
Decorate the following rangolis by arranging diyas on it
This is a very easy, novel and unique way of making rangoli.
· Dip cotton in the oil and apply it on the thali
· Spread the colour on the thali with the help of sieve
· Make a freehand design on it with the help of your finger
· Place a diya in the center. Wherever there is pattern that you have made by your finger, the shining steel of the thali will appears very beautiful
b) Rangolis of different states:
Kolam, Tamil Nadu
Kolam, Tamil Nadu
Mandana, Madhya Pradesh Chalk, Rajasthan